Acquisition of values in childhood is an attention-grabbing topic in recent years. The aim of this study was to apply the picture-based value survey (PBVS-C) for children ranging in age from 6 to 11 years and to examine value priorities in middle childhood, value changes related to age, sex, and mother’s education. For this aim, PBVS-C was applied to 192 students ranged in age from 6 to 11 years and from 1th, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th grade in Ankara. Multidimensional scaling analysis was used to confirm the circular value structure proposed by Schwartz. For this purpose, the PROXSCAL module in SPSS program was used. The value sequence obtained from multidimensional scaling analysis showed very similar distribution to the value sequence proposed by Schwartz. Accordingly, Schwartz's theoretical model has been confirmed with four-dimensional structure consisting two bipolar dimensions: openness-to-change-conservation and self-enhancement-self-transcendence. Moreover, it was found that children give priority to values of benevolence, universality and security, and higher-order values of self-transcendence and self-enhancement. Our research findings showed that value priorities differentiate according to age, sex, and mother’s education. Therefore, these findings can be a guide for professionals working in and out of the schools.
Keywords: Picture Based Value Survey, Middle Childhood, Values